textarea

Examples API

Attributes and Properties #

Property Attribute Type Default Description
allowedKeys allowed-keys string ''
autocomplete autocomplete | HTMLInputElement['autocomplete'] | HTMLTextAreaElement['autocomplete'] | undefined
autofocus autofocus boolean false When this control is rendered, focus it automatically
dir dir 'ltr' | 'rtl' 'ltr'
disabled disabled boolean false Disable this control. It will not receive focus or events
focused focused boolean false
grows grows boolean false
invalid invalid boolean false
label label string ''
maxlength maxlength number -1
minlength minlength number -1
multiline multiline boolean false
pattern pattern string | undefined
placeholder placeholder string ''
quiet quiet boolean false
readonly readonly boolean false
required required boolean false
tabIndex tabIndex number The tab index to apply to this control. See general documentation about the tabindex HTML property
_type type TextfieldType 'text'
valid valid boolean false
value value string | number

Slots #

Name Description
help-text default or non-negative help text to associate to your form element
negative-help-text negative help text to associate to your form element when `invalid`

Events #

Name Type Description
change Event An alteration to the value of the element has been committed by the user.
input Event The value of the element has changed.

CSS Custom Properties #

Name Default
--spectrum-alias-body-text-font-family var(--spectrum-global-font-family-base)
--spectrum-alias-input-quiet-focusline-gap var(--spectrum-global-dimension-static-size-10)
--spectrum-alias-single-line-width var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-2400)
--spectrum-alias-workflow-icon-size-m var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-225)
--spectrum-textarea-m-height var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-400)
--spectrum-textarea-m-padding-left var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-150)
--spectrum-textarea-m-padding-right var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-150)
--spectrum-textarea-m-text-padding-bottom var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-115)
--spectrum-textarea-m-text-padding-top var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-75)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-background-color var(--spectrum-alias-background-color-transparent)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-background-color-disabled var(--spectrum-alias-background-color-transparent)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-border-bottom-size var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-size)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-border-color var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-default)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-border-color-disabled var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-quiet-disabled)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-border-color-down var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-down)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-border-color-hover var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-hover)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-border-color-invalid var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-invalid-default)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-border-color-invalid-key-focus var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-invalid-key-focus)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-border-color-invalid-mouse-focus var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-invalid-mouse-focus)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-border-color-mouse-focus var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-mouse-focus)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-border-radius var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-0)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-invalid-icon-margin-left var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-150)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-padding-left var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-0)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-padding-right var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-0)
--spectrum-textfield-m-quiet-texticon-success-icon-margin-left var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-150)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-background-color var(--spectrum-global-color-gray-50)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-background-color-disabled var(--spectrum-global-color-gray-200)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-border-color var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-default)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-border-color-disabled var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-disabled)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-border-color-down var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-down)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-border-color-hover var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-hover)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-border-color-invalid var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-invalid-default)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-border-color-invalid-hover var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-invalid-hover)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-border-color-invalid-key-focus var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-invalid-key-focus)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-border-color-invalid-mouse-focus var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-invalid-mouse-focus)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-border-color-key-focus var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-color-key-focus)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-border-radius var(--spectrum-alias-border-radius-regular)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-border-size var(--spectrum-alias-input-border-size)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-focus-ring-border-width var(--spectrum-alias-component-focusring-size)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-focus-ring-gap var(--spectrum-alias-input-focusring-gap)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-height var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-400)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-icon-color var(--spectrum-alias-component-icon-color-default)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-icon-color-disabled var(--spectrum-alias-component-icon-color-disabled)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-icon-color-down var(--spectrum-alias-component-icon-color-down)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-icon-color-hover var(--spectrum-alias-component-icon-color-hover)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-invalid-icon-height var(--spectrum-alias-ui-icon-alert-size-100)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-invalid-icon-margin-left var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-150)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-invalid-icon-width var(--spectrum-alias-ui-icon-alert-size-100)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-min-width var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-600)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-padding-left undefined
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-padding-right var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-150)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-placeholder-text-color var(--spectrum-global-color-gray-600)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-placeholder-text-color-disabled var(--spectrum-alias-text-color-disabled)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-placeholder-text-color-hover var(--spectrum-alias-placeholder-text-color-hover)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-placeholder-text-font-style var(--spectrum-global-font-style-italic)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-placeholder-text-font-weight var(--spectrum-global-font-weight-regular)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-success-icon-height var(--spectrum-alias-ui-icon-checkmark-size-100)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-success-icon-margin-left var(--spectrum-global-dimension-size-150)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-success-icon-width var(--spectrum-alias-ui-icon-checkmark-size-100)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-text-color var(--spectrum-alias-component-text-color-default)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-text-color-disabled var(--spectrum-alias-component-text-color-disabled)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-text-line-height var(--spectrum-alias-component-text-line-height)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-text-size var(--spectrum-global-dimension-font-size-100)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-validation-icon-color-invalid var(--spectrum-semantic-negative-icon-color)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-validation-icon-color-invalid-disabled var(--spectrum-alias-background-color-transparent)
--spectrum-textfield-m-texticon-validation-icon-color-valid var(--spectrum-semantic-positive-icon-color)
--spectrum-textfield-m-textonly-focus-ring-border-color-key-focus var(--spectrum-alias-focus-ring-color)

Description #

sp-textfield[multiline] components are text areas that allow users to input custom multiline text entries with a keyboard. Various decorations can be displayed around the field to communicate the entry requirements.

Usage #

See it on NPM! How big is this package in your project? Try it on webcomponents.dev

yarn add @spectrum-web-components/textfield

Import the side effectful registration of <sp-textfield> via:

import '@spectrum-web-components/textfield/sp-textfield.js';

When looking to leverage the Textfield base class as a type and/or for extension purposes, do so via:

import { Textfield } from '@spectrum-web-components/textfield';

Example #

<sp-field-label for="story-0">Background</sp-field-label>
<sp-textfield
id="story-0"
multiline
placeholder="Enter your life story"
>
</sp-textfield>

Variants #

Valid #

Dictate the validity state of the text entry with the valid attribute.

<sp-field-label for="story-1" required>Background</sp-field-label>
<sp-textfield
id="story-1"
multiline
placeholder="Enter your name"
valid
>
</sp-textfield>

Invalid #

Dictate the invalidity state of the text entry with the invalid attribute.

<sp-field-label for="story-2" required>Background</sp-field-label>
<sp-textfield
id="story-2"
invalid
multiline
placeholder="Enter your name"
>
</sp-textfield>

Quiet #

The quiet style works best when a clear layout (vertical stack, table, grid) assists in a user's ability to parse the element. Too many quiet components in a small space can be hard to read.

<sp-field-label for="story-3">Background (quietly)</sp-field-label>
<sp-textfield
id="story-3"
multiline
placeholder="Enter your name"
quiet
>
</sp-textfield>

Grows #

By default the text area has a fixed height and will scroll when text entry goes beyond the available space. With the use of the grows attribute the text area will grow to accomidate the full content of the element.

Note: When leveraging the quiet attribute, the grows attribute does not effect the final delivery of the element.

<div style="display: flex; flex-wrap: wrap;">
<div>
<sp-field-label for="story-4">Background</sp-field-label>
<sp-textfield
id="story-4"
multiline
placeholder="Enter your name"
value="By default the text area has a fixed height and will scroll when text entry goes beyond the available space. With the use of the `grows` attribute the text area will grow to accomidate the full content of the element."
>
</sp-textfield>
</div>
<div>
<sp-field-label for="story-5">Background</sp-field-label>
<sp-textfield
id="story-5"
grows
multiline
placeholder="Enter your name"
value="By default the text area has a fixed height and will scroll when text entry goes beyond the available space. With the use of the `grows` attribute the text area will grow to accomidate the full content of the element."
>
</sp-textfield>
</div>
<div>
<sp-field-label for="story-6">Background (quietly)</sp-field-label>
<sp-textfield
id="story-6"
grows
multiline
placeholder="Enter your name"
value="By default the text area has a fixed height and will scroll when text entry goes beyond the available space. With the use of the `grows` attribute the text area will grow to accomidate the full content of the element."
quiet
>
</sp-textfield>
</div>
</div>

Help text #

Help text can be accessibly associated with an <sp-textfield multiline> element by using the help-text or negative-help-text slots. When using the negative-help-text slot, <sp-textfield multiline> will self manage the presence of this content based on the value of the invalid property on your <sp-textfield multiline> element. Content within the help-text slot will be show by default. When your <sp-textfield multiline> should receive help text based on state outside of the complexity of invalid or not, manage the content addressed to the help-text from above to ensure that it displays the right messaging and possesses the right variant.

Self managed
<sp-field-label for="self">Stay "Positive"</sp-field-label>
<sp-textfield
multiline
id="self"
pattern="[P][o][s][i][t][i][v][e]"
value="Positive"
>

<sp-help-text slot="help-text">
Tell us how you are feeling today.
</sp-help-text>
<sp-help-text slot="negative-help-text">Please be "Positive".</sp-help-text>
</sp-textfield>
Managed from above
<sp-field-label for="managed">Stay "Positive"</sp-field-label>
<sp-textfield
multiline
id="managed"
pattern="[P][o][s][i][t][i][v][e]"
value="Positive"
oninput='
const helpText = this.querySelector(`[slot="help-text"]`);
helpText.textContent = this.invalid ? `Please be "Positive".` : `Tell us how you are feeling today.`;
helpText.variant = this.invalid ? `negative` : `neutral`;
'

>

<sp-help-text slot="help-text">
Tell us how you're feeling today.
</sp-help-text>
</sp-textfield>