sp-table

Examples API

Attributes and Properties #

Property Attribute Type Default Description
dir dir 'ltr' | 'rtl' 'ltr'
itemValue itemValue The value of an item. By default, it is set to the index of the sp-table-row.
items items Record<string, unknown>[] [] The content of the rows rendered by the virtualized table. The key is the value of the sp-table-row, and the value is the sp-table-row's content (not the row itself).
role role string 'grid'
scroller scroller boolean false Whether or not the virtualized table has a scroll bar. If this is set to true, make sure to specify a height in the sp-table's inline styles.
selected selected string[] [] An array of values that have been selected.
selects selects undefined | 'single' | 'multiple' Whether the Table allows users to select a row or rows, and thus controls whether or not the Table also renders checkboxes.
size size ElementSize

Events #

Name Type Description
change Event Announces a change in the `selected` property of a table row
undefined RangeChangedEvent
rangeChanged Event Announces a change in the range of visible cells on the table body

Description #

An <sp-table> is used to create a container for displaying information. It allows users to sort, compare, and take action on large amounts of data.

Usage #

See it on NPM! How big is this package in your project?

yarn add @spectrum-web-components/table

Import the side effectful registration of <sp-table>, <sp-table-body>, <sp-table-cell>, <sp-table-checkbox-cell>, <sp-table-head>, <sp-table-head-cell>. and <sp-table-row> via:

import '@spectrum-web-components/table/elements.js';

Or individually via:

import '@spectrum-web-components/table/sp-table.js';
import '@spectrum-web-components/table/sp-table-body.js';
import '@spectrum-web-components/table/sp-table-cell.js';
import '@spectrum-web-components/table/sp-table-checkbox-cell.js';
import '@spectrum-web-components/table/sp-table-head.js';
import '@spectrum-web-components/table/sp-table-head-cell.js';
import '@spectrum-web-components/table/sp-table-row.js';

When looking to leverage the Table, TableBody, TableCell, TableCheckboxCell, TableHead, TableHeadCell, or TableRow base classes as a type and/or for extension purposes, do so via:

import {
    Table,
    TableBody,
    TableCell,
    TableCheckboxCell,
    TableHead,
    TableHeadCell,
    TableRow
} from '@spectrum-web-components/table';

Example #

To ensure that the table scrolls, make sure to add a style attribute to <sp-table> with your desired height. Otherwise, the table will automatically show all its items.

<sp-table size="m">
<sp-table-head>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
</sp-table-head>
<sp-table-body>
<sp-table-row>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Alpha</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Alpha</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Alpha</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Bravo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Bravo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Bravo</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Charlie</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Charlie</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Charlie</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Delta</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Delta</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Delta</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Echo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Echo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Echo</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
</sp-table-body>
</sp-table>

Selection #

To manage selection on an <sp-table>, utilise the selects attribute on <sp-table>. Each <sp-table-row> has a value attribute which, by default, corresponds to its index in the table, and these values tell <sp-table> which <sp-table-row>s are selected. The selected items can be manually applied via the selected property on the table.

selects="single" #

When selects="single", the <sp-table> will manage a single selection in the array value of selected.

<sp-table
size="m"
selects="single"
selected='["row1"]'
style="height: 200px"
onchange="spAlert(this, `Selected: ${JSON.stringify(this.selected)}`)"
>

<sp-table-head>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
</sp-table-head>
<sp-table-body>
<sp-table-row value="row1">
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Alpha</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Alpha</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Alpha</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row value="row2">
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Bravo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Bravo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Bravo</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row value="row3">
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Charlie</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Charlie</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Charlie</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row value="row4">
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Delta</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Delta</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Delta</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row value="row5">
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Echo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Echo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Echo</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
</sp-table-body>
</sp-table>

selects="multiple" #

When selects="multiple", the <sp-table> will manage a selection in the array value of selected in via a presence toggle. Additionally, an <sp-table-checkbox-cell> will be made available in the <sp-table-head> in order to select/deselect all items in the <sp-table>.

<sp-table
size="m"
style="height: 200px"
selects="multiple"
selected='["row1", "row2"]'
onchange="spAlert(this, `Selected: ${JSON.stringify(this.selected)}`)"
>

<sp-table-head>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
</sp-table-head>
<sp-table-body>
<sp-table-row value="row1">
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Alpha</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Alpha</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Alpha</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row value="row2">
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Bravo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Bravo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Bravo</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row value="row3">
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Charlie</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Charlie</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Charlie</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row value="row4">
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Delta</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Delta</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Delta</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
<sp-table-row value="row5">
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Echo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Echo</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Echo</sp-table-cell>
</sp-table-row>
</sp-table-body>
</sp-table>

Virtualized Table #

For large amounts of data, the <sp-table> can be virtualised to easily add table rows by using properties.

<sp-table
size="m"
id="table-virtualized-demo"
style="height: 200px"
scroller="true"
>

<sp-table-head>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
</sp-table-head>
</sp-table>
<script type="module">
const initItems = (count) => {
const total = count;
const items = [];
while (count) {
count--;
items.push({
name: String(total - count),
date: count,
});
}
return items;
};
const initTable = () => {
const table = document.querySelector('#table-virtualized-demo');
table.items = initItems(50);

table.renderItem = (item, index) => {
const cell1 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
const cell2 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
const cell3 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
cell1.textContent = `Row Item Alpha ${item.name}`;
cell2.textContent = `Row Item Alpha ${index}`;
cell3.textContent = `Last Thing`;
return [cell1, cell2, cell3];
}
};
customElements.whenDefined('sp-table').then(() => {
initTable();
});
</script>

How to use it #

The virtualised table takes items as either a property or a JSON-encoded string, an array of type Record, where the key is a string and the value can be whatever you'd like. items is then fed into the renderItem method, which takes an item and its index as parameters and renders the <sp-table-row> for each item. An example is as follows:

const renderItem = (item: Item, index: number): TemplateResult => {
return html`
<sp-table-cell>Rowsaa Item Alpha
${item.name}</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Alpha
${item.date}</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item Alpha
${index}</sp-table-cell>
`
;
};

renderItem is then included as a property of <sp-table>, along with the items, to render a full <sp-table> without excessive manual HTML writing.

You can also render a different cell at a particular index by doing something like below:

const renderItem = (item: Item, index: number): TemplateResult => {
if (index === 15) {
return html`
<sp-table-cell style="text-align: center">Custom Row</sp-table-cell>
`
;
}
return html`
<sp-table-cell>Row Item
${item.name}</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item
${item.date}</sp-table-cell>
<sp-table-cell>Row Item
${index}</sp-table-cell>
`
;
};

Please note that there is a bug when attempting to select all virtualised elements. The items are selected programatically, it's just not reflected visually.

Selection #

By default the selected property will surface an array of item indexes that are currently selected. However, when making a selection on a virtualized table, it can be useful to track selection as something other than indexes. To do so, set a custom method for the itemValue property. The itemValue method accepts an item and its index as arguments and should return the value you would like to track in the selected property.

<sp-table
size="m"
id="table-item-value-demo"
style="height: 200px"
scroller="true"
selects="multiple"
>

<sp-table-head>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
</sp-table-head>
</sp-table>
<div class="selection">Selected: [ ]</div>
<script type="module">
const initItems = (count) => {
const total = count;
const items = [];
while (count) {
count--;
items.push({
id: crypto.randomUUID(),
name: String(total - count),
date: count,
});
}
return items;
};
const initTable = () => {
const table = document.querySelector('#table-item-value-demo');
table.items = initItems(50);

table.renderItem = (item, index) => {
const cell1 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
const cell2 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
const cell3 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
cell1.textContent = `Row Item Alpha ${item.name}`;
cell2.textContent = `Row Item Alpha ${index}`;
cell3.textContent = `Last Thing`;
return [cell1, cell2, cell3];
};

table.addEventListener('change', (event) => {
const selected = event.target.nextElementSibling;
selected.textContent = `Selected: ${JSON.stringify(event.target.selected, null, ' ')}`;
});
};
customElements.whenDefined('sp-table').then(() => {
initTable();
});
</script>

Row Types #

All values in the item array are assumed to be homogenous by default. This means all of the rendered rows are either delivered as provided, or, in the case you are leveraging selects, rendered with an <sp-table-checkbox-cell>. However, when virtualizing a table with selection, it can sometimes be useful to surface rows with additional interactions, e.g. "Load more data" links. To support that, you can optionally include the _$rowType$ brand in your item. The values for this are outlined by the RowType enum and include ITEM (0) and INFORMATION (1). When _$rowType$: RowType.INFORMATION is provided, it instructs the <sp-table> not to deliver an <sp-table-checkbox-cell> in that row.

<sp-table
size="m"
id="table-row-type-demo"
style="height: 200px"
scroller="true"
selects="single"
>

<sp-table-head>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Column Title</sp-table-head-cell>
</sp-table-head>
</sp-table>
<script type="module">
const initItems = (count) => {
const total = count;
const items = [];
while (count) {
count--;
items.push({
name: String(total - count),
date: count,
});
}
return items;
};
const initTable = () => {
const table = document.querySelector('#table-row-type-demo');
const items = initItems(50);
items.splice(3, 0, {
_$rowType$: 1,
});
table.items = items;

table.renderItem = (item, index) => {
if (item._$rowType$ === 1) {
const infoCell = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
infoCell.textContent = 'Use this row type for non-selectable content.';
return [infoCell];
}
const cell1 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
const cell2 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
const cell3 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
cell1.textContent = `Row Item Alpha ${item.name}`;
cell2.textContent = `Row Item Alpha ${index}`;
cell3.textContent = `Last Thing`;
return [cell1, cell2, cell3];
};
};
customElements.whenDefined('sp-table').then(() => {
initTable();
});
</script>

The scroller property #

By default, the virtualized table doesn't contain a scroll bar and will display the entire length of the table body. Use the scroller property and specify an inline style for the height to get a Table of your desired height that scrolls.

Sorting on the Virtualized Table #

The virtualized table supports sorting its elements.

For each table column you want to sort, use the sortable attribute in its respective <sp-table-head-cell>. sort-direction="asc"|"desc" specifies the direction the sort goes, in either ascending or descending order, respectively. The @sorted event listener on <sp-table> can be utilised to specify a method to fire when the <sp-table-head-cell> dispatches the sorted event. To specify which aspect of an item you'd like to sort by, use the sort-key attribute.

<sp-table
size="m"
id="sorted-virtualized-table"
style="height: 200px"
scroller="true"
>

<sp-table-head>
<sp-table-head-cell sortable sort-direction="desc" sort-key="name">
Sortable Column
</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Non-sortable Column</sp-table-head-cell>
<sp-table-head-cell>Non-sortable Column</sp-table-head-cell>
</sp-table-head>
</sp-table>
<script type="module">
const initItems = (count) => {
const total = count;
const items = [];
while (count) {
count--;
items.push({
name: String(total - count),
date: count,
});
}
return items;
}

let items = initItems(50);

const initTable = () => {
const table = document.querySelector('#sorted-virtualized-table');

table.items = items;

table.renderItem = (item, index) => {
const cell1 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
const cell2 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
const cell3 = document.createElement('sp-table-cell');
cell1.textContent = `Row Item Alpha ${item.name}`;
cell2.textContent = `Row Item Beta ${item.date}`;
cell3.textContent = `Index: ${index}`;
return [cell1, cell2, cell3];
}
table.addEventListener('sorted', (event) => {
const { sortDirection, sortKey } = event.detail;
items = items.sort((a, b) => {
const first = String(a[sortKey]);
const second = String(b[sortKey]);
return sortDirection === 'asc'
? first.localeCompare(second)
: second.localeCompare(first);
});
table.items = [...items];
});
};

customElements.whenDefined('sp-table').then(() => {
initTable();
});
</script>